Most Important Dog Training Commands
The list of dog training commands is actually quite
lengthy but it would be unreasonable to expect any one animal to perform all of
The types of commands a pet owner chooses would be based on several
factors but most importantly, the breed and any work the animal does. In other
words, specific obedience commands would be essential for high-energy breeds
such as the Yorkshire terrier whereas a dog involved in shows, field trials,
herding, and so on would be taught different or additional commands.
Keep in mind that there are certain commands that all dog
breeds should be taught. Known as obedience training, this simply provides a
foundation of expectations on which both owner and pet can build. With
obedience training, an animal would learn dog training commands such as “sit”,
“stay”, “lie down”, and perhaps “heel”, making pet ownership a more enjoyable
experience. Beyond this, a dog owner could choose other commands if wanted.
Regardless if the breed is large or small, docile or
assertive, or used as a companion versus working dog, the commands addressed in
this article should be considered by all pet owners. A common misconception is
that smaller breeds pose no risk and are easy to control. While a smaller breed
would be easier to control than a larger breed simply because of size, even
small dogs to include the Yorkshire terrier can still bite, jump, scratch, and show
However, if the right dog training commands are taught
while still a puppy, bad behaviors can be prevented. Of course, there is no
reason that an adult dog cannot be taught these same commands, whether to learn
a new command or as a refresher for things already known.
Basic Dog Commands
The following are dog training commands that every pet
owner should consider, regardless of breed.
- Come – Of all the
recommended commands, this should be one of the first things a puppy is
taught. Typically, the dog’s name would become part of the “come” command,
which is training used to get an appropriate and immediate response
whenever the owner calls out for the pet.
- Sit – This too is a
basic command that every dog should know. The “sit” command is easy to
teach and easy for a puppy to learn. This particular training command can
be used in a variety of situations to ensure proper behavior such as
waiting to be fed, staying beside the owner while out in public, not
charging someone at the front door, and so on.
- Stay – In most cases,
the “sit” and “stay” command would be taught in conjunction with one
another. In addition to keeping a dog under control, the “stay” command is
used as a means of keeping the animal safe.
- Down – For this,
different phrases could be used but the goal is for the animal to lie down
on command. Some people prefer to simply use “down” while others use “lie
down”. In either case, this is a good command for an animal to be taught
in that it prevents a dog from rushing someone or even another animal,
regardless if playing or being assertive.
- Okay – In addition to
“okay”, some people prefer to use the word “release”. No matter the
preference, this dog training command lets the animal know he is released
from the previous command given. For instance, if a dog were taught to
“wait”, the “okay” or “release” command would be given once the owner
deems it okay for the animal to move about freely.
- No – For a puppy, the
“no” command is very important. This command needs to be given in a firm
voice with the purpose of getting the attention of the animal while
displaying some kind of bad behavior such as chewing on shoes, clawing at
the door, or even excessive barking.
- Off – Although the
“off” command is critical for larger breeds, it is still something that
Yorkshire terriers and other small breeds should learn. In simple terms,
the “off” command tells an animal not to jump or to get off prohibited
- Leave It and Drop It –
The “leave it” command could be used for a standard house pet but also for
a dog involved with field trials, herding, and other working situations.
By nature, dogs are very curious and because of this, they will often pick
up or begin to chew on things that could pose risk of some kind. With this
command, the animal would know to avoid picking something up. If a dog had
already put something in his mouth, the “drop it” command would be used
- Heel – Although most
cities have leash ordinances, having a dog that knows how to heel is
considered another great dog training command. While often used with an
animal off the leash, the “heel” command can also be used with a dog on a
leash to help it keep pace and stay close to the owner.
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